The study of the influence of temperature on surfactants – polyethylene glycol layers on liquid-gas interface

  • Seryk Boloshaan al-Farabi Kazakh National University
  • Saltanat Kumargalieva al-Farabi Kazakh National University
  • Orynkul Esimova al-Farabi Kazakh National University
  • Kuanyshbek Musabekov al-Farabi Kazakh National University
  • Saule Aidarova K.Satpaev Kazakh National Technical University, Almaty, Kazakhstan
Keywords: superficial tension, adsorption, surfactants, thermodynamic parameters, interphase layers

Abstract

The surface tension of compositions consisting of nonionic polyethylene glycol and surface active substances of different nature and influence of temperatures on properties of their adsorption layers were studied. To be taken into account the basics of classical chemical thermodynamics and colloidal chemistry, the thermodynamic parameters were determined for the adsorption of glycol, cetyl pyridinium bromide, Tween- 80 and sodium dodecyl sulfate. Adsorption speed was valuated By  Kinetic curves of a liquid /gas interfaces. As a surfactants were taken the anionic surfactant – sodium dodecylsulphate, cationic surfactant cetylpyridinium bromide and nonionic Tween-80. The reason of using nonionic polyethyleneglycol as polymer is that the polymer is not toxic, biodegradable and it has no harm to the human body. That is why they are largely used in food industry, pharmaceutics, cosmetics and household chemical products.

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Published
2015-03-31
How to Cite
Boloshaan, S., Kumargalieva, S., Esimova, O., Musabekov, K., & Aidarova, S. (2015). The study of the influence of temperature on surfactants – polyethylene glycol layers on liquid-gas interface. Chemical Bulletin of Kazakh National University, (1), 80-87. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.15328/cb589
Section
Colloid and Nano Chemistry