The journal follows international ethical standards (Code of conduct) developed by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).
The following ethical issues are continuously monitored by the Editorial board:
- data fabrication
- data manipulation
- duplicate submission
- ghost authorship
- conflicts of interest
During the submission of a manuscript, a corresponding author must confirm that the manuscript fulfills international ethical standards. All the submitted manuscripts are checked for potential plagiarism by iThendicate.
If a violation of research ethics was discovered, the Editorial Board will immediately contact the author(s) and request explanations. If the issue can not be resolved, the article will be retracted from the publication.