Ethical Standards of the Journal
Members of the editorial board of the scientific journal «Chemical Bulletin of Kazakh National University» in its professional activity adheres to the principles and norms of "Ethics of publication for scientific journals of al-Farabi Kazakh National University" (hereinafter – Ethics of publication). The publication ethics is developed in accordance with the international publication ethics standard of the Committee on publication ethics (СОРЕ), as well as the Ethical principles of publication of Scopus (Elsevier) journals, The code of ethics for scientists of al-Farabi Kazakh National University.
Publication ethics sets norms, principles and standards of ethical behavior of editors, reviewers and authors, measures to identify conflicts of interest, unethical behavior, instructions for withdrawal (retraction), correction and refutation of the article.
All participants of the publication process, namely, each author, scientific editor, reviewer, executive secretary, members of the editorial board of the scientific journal «Chemical Bulletin of Kazakh National University» must unconditionally adhere to the principles, norms and standards of publication ethics. Compliance with ethical principles is important both for ensuring and maintaining the quality of a scientific journal as well as for creating a trusting and respectful relationship between participants of the publication process.
Unethical behavior is refered to actions of authors, editors, or publisher in the case of self-providing of the reviews on your own articles, in the case of contractual or about reviewing in terms of appeal to the Agency services for publication of scientific research results, falsification and fabrication of research results, publication of false, pseudo-scientific texts, the transfer of articles to other publications without permission of the authors, transfer of materials to third parties, conditions when copyright and the principles of confidentiality of editorial processes are violated, in the case of manipulation with citation and plagiarism.
Principles of publication ethics for editorial board members
Members of the editorial board of the journal «Chemical Bulletin of Kazakh National University» are responsible for the development and improvement of the journal, for promoting the journal in international databases, must follow the principles of freedom of opinion, meet the scientific and professional needs of authors and readers of the journal. Members of the editorial board of the journal do not allow the influence of commercial interests of the author, reviewer and publisher of the journal on decisions on publication of materials, must also take all possible measures to improve the quality of scientific publications, protect the confidentiality of information data at all stages of the publication process.
Equality of all authors. Members of the editorial board are responsible for making a decision on the publication of materials submitted by the authors in the journal. Members of the editorial board should evaluate manuscripts based on their intellectual content, regardless of race, gender, sexual orientation, religious beliefs, ethnic origin, citizenship, political views of the authors or commercial considerations.
Making a decision to publish a manuscript. The decision on which of the articles submitted to the editorial board should be published is made by the editorial board of the journal, based on the results of checking for compliance with the requirements of registration, plagiarism and the results of scientific review. When making a decision to publish a manuscript, the editorial board is guided by the journal's policy and publication ethics. It does not allow articles with signs of plagiarism, violation of the principles, standards and norms of scientific ethics, and copyright infringement to be published.
Members of the editorial board are responsible for publishing of articles with signs of unethical behavior, plagiarism, self-plagiarism, excessive self-citation by authors, and conflicts of interest. If the principles of publication and/or scientific ethics were violated when writing an article, the scientific editor of the journal must retract the publication based on the decision of the editorial board. Articles may be withdrawn by the author(s) or the editorial board of the journal. The editorial board withdraws (retracts) published articles in case of violation of publication and/or scientific ethics, based on the recommendations of the COPE. The article is withdrawn (retracted) in the following cases:
- if there is clear evidence that the data obtained is unreliable or obtained as a result of illegal actions, for example, falsification or fabrication of data;
- detection of the fact that the manuscript was published in another publication before it was published in the journal «Chemical Bulletin of Kazakh National University»;
- detection of plagiarism in the article, including borrowing figures, graphs, tables, etc.
- the presence of rude mistakes in an article that can negatively affect other scientists and their research, for example, a miscalculation or an experimental error;
- the appearance of copyright claims on the article or its individual parts by third parties;
- the article contains information that contradicts the principles, standards and norms of publication and/or scientific ethics.
In such cases the editorial board of the journal conducts a review, the results of which the article can be withdrawn (retracted) from publication. An act of retraction of article from publication is confirmed and signed by the scientific editor. A copy of the report is sent to the corresponding author.
After that, the article is marked as a retracted article on the journal's website, indicating the reasons. The editorial board publishes information about the withdrawal (retraction) of the article on the main page of the journal's website and places the information in the next issue of the journal after the withdrawal (retraction) of the article.
The editorial board of the journal «Chemical Bulletin of Kazakh National University» responsibly, objectively and carefully reviews all reasonable complaints about violations found in published issues.
The editorial board considers it as a responsibility and obligation of authors and reviewers to inform the editorial board as quickly as possible about mistakes and violations that they have identified after the publication of the material.
Principle of confidentiality. At the stage of reviewing the manuscript (before its publication), editors and members of the editorial board should not disclose information about it to anyone other than its authors, designated reviewers and the publisher. Any manuscript received for review should be treated as confidential material. Manuscripts should not be displayed or discussed with third parties without the permission of the scientific or responsible editor.
Members of the editorial board guarantee that rejected manuscripts will not be used in their own research by members of the editorial board without the written consent of the authors.
Disclosure of conflicts of interest by the editorial board. Members of the editorial board must refuse to review the manuscript if they are in any competitive relationship related to the research results of the author(s) of a manuscript, or if there is another conflict of interest with the author(s) of a manuscript. Members of the editorial board should require from all participants of the publication process to disclose conflicts of interest. If there is a conflict of interest with the content of a manuscript, the editor responsible for the article must notify the scientific editor, after which the scientific editor assigns the review and verification of the manuscript to another member of the editorial board.
Consideration of claims of unethical behavior. Members of the editorial board must individually consider each complaint about unethical behavior of the author(s) of a manuscript and articles published in the journal, regardless of the time of its receiving. Members of the editorial board must take objective and adequate measures in relation to such claims. If the arguments of the claim are confirmed, members of the editorial board have the right to refuse to publish the manuscript and stop further cooperation with the corresponding author, publish relevant refutations and take other measures to further prevent unethical behavior of the author(s).
Editorial board, their duties and responsibilities
Official responsibilities and responsibilities of the scientific editor of the journal «Chemical Bulletin of Kazakh National University», the executive secretary and members of the editorial board are specified in the corresponding approved instructions.
Principles of publication ethics of the author
One-time publication. The author(s) guarantee that the manuscript of the article submitted to the editorial board has not been submitted for consideration to other publications. Submission of a manuscript at the same time in several journals/publications is unacceptable and is a gross violation of the principles, standards and norms of publication ethics.
Authorship of a manuscript. The person who made the greatest intellectual contribution to the preparation of a manuscript (with two or more co-authors) is indicated first in the list of authors. For each article, a corresponding author should be assigned who is responsible for preparing the final version of article, communicating with the editorial board and readers, ensuring that all research participants (if there are more than one authors) who have made a sufficient contribution to it are included in the list of authors, and also get approval of the final version of the manuscript from all authors for submission to the editorial office for publication. All authors listed in the manuscript/article are responsible for the content of the work. At the end of each manuscript/article, the contribution of each author to its preparation should be described according to the international taxonomy CRediT (Contributor Roles Taxonomy).
The principle of originality. The author(s) guarantees that the research results presented in the manuscript are original independent work and do not contain incorrect borrowings and plagiarism, which can be detected during the review of a manuscript through the plagiarism verification system.
Authors are responsible for publishing articles with signs of unethical behavior, plagiarism, self-plagiarism, self-citation, falsification, fabrication, data distortion, false authorship, duplication, conflict of interest, and deception.
The principle of confirming sources. The author(s) undertakes to correctly indicate the scientific and other sources that he(she) used in the course of the research. If you use any parts of other people's works and/or borrow statements of another author(s), the manuscript should contain bibliographic references indicating the author(s) of the original source. Information obtained from questionable sources should not be used in the preparation of the manuscript.
If reviewers, scientific editor, or member(s) of the editorial board of the journal have doubts about the authenticity and reliability of the research results, the author(s) must provide additional materials to confirm the results or facts presented in the manuscript.
Correction of errors in the publishing process. If errors and inaccuracies in the work are detected at any stage of the publication process, the authors must immediately inform the scientific editor and provide assistance in correcting or eliminating of the error for publication on the journal's website of the corresponding correction (Erratum or Corrigendum) with comments. If gross errors are found that cannot be corrected, the author(s) must withdraw the manuscript/article.
The principle of compliance with publication ethics. Authors are required to comply with ethical standards related to criticism or comments regarding research as well as interaction with the editorial board regarding peer review and publication. Non-compliance with ethical principles by the authors is regarded as a gross violation of publication ethics and gives grounds for withdrawing the manuscript from review and/or publication.
Principles of the reviewer's publication ethics
The principle of objectivity of reviewing. Reviewer(s) of the journal «Chemical Bulletin of Kazakh National University» undertakes to conduct an expert evaluation of the manuscript objectively. Personal criticism of the author(s) of the manuscript is not allowed. The reviewer must justify their comments and justify their decision to accept the manuscript or reject it.
Nationality, religious affiliation, political or other views of the author(s) should not be taken into account in the process of reviewing of the manuscript by the reviewer(s).
Reviewer's contribution to editorial decisions. The expert evaluation compiled by the reviewer (s) contributes to the editorial board's decision on publication, as well as helps the author(s) improve the manuscript. The decision to accept the manuscript for publication, returning the manuscript to the author for modification or revision, or the decision to reject the publication is made by the editorial board based on the results of the review.
The principle of timely review. The reviewer is obliged to submit the review within the period specified by the editorial board, but not later than 4 weeks from the date of receipt of the manuscript for review. If it is not possible to review the article and prepare a review within the appointed time, the reviewer must immediately notify the scientific editor.
A reviewer who believes that his/her qualifications do not meet or are insufficient to make a decision when reviewing the submitted manuscript should immediately inform the scientific editor and refuse to review the manuscript.
The principle of confidentiality on the part of the reviewer. A manuscript submitted to a reviewer should be treated as confidential material. The reviewer has the right to demonstrate it and/or discuss it with other persons only after receiving written permission from the scientific editor of the journal and/or the author(s).
Information and ideas of scientific work obtained in the course of reviewing and ensuring the publication process should not be used by the reviewer(s) for personal gain.
The principle of confirming sources. The reviewer should indicate scientific works that would have influenced the research results of the manuscript under review, but were not given by the author(s). The reviewer is also obliged to draw the attention of the scientific editor to a significant similarity or coincidence between the manuscript under consideration and the previously published work which he is aware of.
If the reviewer has sufficient grounds to believe that the manuscript contains plagiarism, incorrect borrowings, false and fabricated materials or research results, he should not allow the manuscript to be published and inform the scientific editor of the journal about the revealed violations of the principles, standards and norms of publication and scientific ethics.
Conflict of interests
A conflict of interest as defined by the Committee on publication ethics (COPE) is a conflict situation in which authors, reviewers, or members of the editorial board have implicit interests that can influence their judgments about the published material. A conflict of interest occurs when there are financial, personal, or professional conditions that may affect the scientific judgment of the reviewer and members of the editorial board and as a result the decision of the editorial board regarding the publication of the manuscript.
When submitting a manuscript for review to the journal, the author(s) declares that the contents of the manuscript indicate all sources of research funding; and also indicate what commercial, financial, personal or professional factors exist that could create a conflict of interests in relation to the submitted manuscript.
When submitting a manuscript, the author(s) have the right to indicate in the cover letter the scientists who, in their opinion, will not be able to evaluate it objectively.
The reviewer should not consider manuscripts that may cause a conflict of interest arising from competition, cooperation, or other relations with any of the authors related to the manuscript.
The scientific editor, member of the editorial board and reviewers should notify about potential conflicts of interest that may somehow affect the decision of the editorial board.
If there is a conflict of interest between the scientific editor, editorial board member, or reviewer and the author (s) of the manuscript, the manuscript is transferred to another editorial board member and another reviewer with whom the author(s) does not have a conflict of interest.
The existence of a conflict of interest between participants in the review process does not mean that the manuscript will be rejected.
All interested parties should as far as possible avoid conflicts of interest in any variations at all stages of publication. In the event of any conflict of interest, the person who discovered this conflict must immediately notify the editorial office. The same applies to any other violations of the principles, standards and norms of publication and scientific ethics.