Thermoluminescent and X-ray diffraction methods in dating of ceramics from archaeological excavations of the Orikti monument (Almaty region)

Keywords: pottery, archeology, thermoluminescence, pottery dating, thermoluminescent dating


In this work, the ages of archaeological ceramics were determined by the thermoluminescent method after X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD) of ceramic samples, which confirms that quartz is the main component phase of the products. This allowed to use the sample preparation technique without isolating the quartz phase from the ceramic sample. Silicon oxide based soil-equivalent thermoluminescent detectors were used to determine the annual absorbed dose rate at the sampling site. The average dose rate at sampling site was 0.62 ± 0.02 cGy/year. Calculation of the ceramics ages was carried out after checking the linearity of lightsums accumulation for samples in the dose range up to 2000 cGy. Based on the performed studies, the ages of the ceramic products were determined that do not contradict to archaeologists dating of these products. It is proposed to use the procedure for determining ceramic samples by the thermoluminescent method after their phase composition identification by XRD. In the case of the predominant mineral composition of quartz phase (the proportion of quartz is more than 60% of the total composition of ceramics), the measurements can be carried out without the quartz isolating; while presence of clay mineral fractions commensurate with quartz levels can lead to the separation of the quartz.


1 Fleming SJ (1979) Thermoluminescence Techniques in Archaeology. Oxford University Press, New York, USA. ISBN 978-0198599296

2 Aitken MJ, Tite MS, Reid J (1964) Nature 202(4936):1032-1033. Crossref

3 Fleming SJ (1970) Archaeometry 12(2):133-143. Crossref

4 Zimmerman DW (1971) Archaeometry 13(1):29-52. Crossref

5 Mejdahl V (1982) Nucl Tracks Rad Meas 10(1-2):133-136. Crossref

6 Nishimur S, Horinouchi T (1989) J Phys Earth 37(5):313-323. Crossref

7 Bacci C, Bernardini P, Furetta C, Rispoli B, Sanipoli C, et al (1991) Rend Lincei-Sci Fis 2(2):117-129. Crossref

8 Sekkina M, Fiki ME, Nossair SA, Khali N (2003) Ceram-Silikaty 47(3):94-99.

9 Takamiya H, Nishimura S (1986) Nucl Tracks Rad Meas 11(4-5):251-257. Crossref

10 Wintle AG (1997) Radiat Meas 27(5-6):769-817. Crossref

11 Komarova YM, Aluker NL, Bobrov VV, Sorokina NV (2011) Inorg Mater+ 47(5):544-548. Crossref

12 Aluker NL, Bobrov VV, Suzdaltseva YM (2015) Inorg Mater+ 51(2):182-186. Crossref

13 Aluker NL, Suzdaltseva JM, Herrmann M, Dulepova AC (2016) Instrum Exp Tech+ 59(5):733-739. Crossref
How to Cite
Bakhadur, A., Aluker, N., Bekseitov, G., Ospanov, Y., & Uralbekov, B. (2020). Thermoluminescent and X-ray diffraction methods in dating of ceramics from archaeological excavations of the Orikti monument (Almaty region). Chemical Bulletin of Kazakh National University, 98(3), 4-10.