Synthesis of hybrid materials based on layered double hydroxides
The use of pesticides adversely affects not only the environment, but also human health. A promising direction in solving this problem is to obtain hybrid materials capable of controlled release of pesticides. Layered double hydroxides (LDHs) can act as a matrix. Layered double hydroxides with intercalated glyphosate anions (MgAl-Gly-LDH) were synthesized by different methods: coprecipitation at constant pH (MgAl-Gly-LDH-c), synthesis under hydrothermal conditions (MgAl-Gly-LDH-ht), microwave method (MgAl-Gly-LDH-mw) and rehydration method (MgAl-Gly-LDH-re). All the synthesized samples were analyzed by X-ray phase analysis (XRD), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and Raman spectroscopy. It is shown that the methods of co-precipitation and synthesis under hydrothermal conditions are most suitable for the synthesis of hybrid materials. Samples of MgAl-Gly-LDH-ht and MgAl-Gly-LDH-c have a well-crystallized structure, unlike the sample of MgAl-Gly-LDH-re, in which the LDH phase is practically absent.
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