Kinetics of abrasive-reactive nanocomposite powder synthesis in the SiO2 − C/S system

  • Farit Urakaev V.S. Sobolev Institute of Geology and Mineralogy SB RAS, Novosibirsk
  • Tlek Ketegenov al-Farabi Kazakh National University
  • Bolat Uralbekov al-Farabi Kazakh National University
  • Mukhambetkali Burkitbayev al-Farabi Kazakh National University
Keywords: steel planetary mill, mechanical activation, silica, graphite, sulfur, abrasive-reactive wear, cementite, pyrite, synthesis, kinetics


In this study, the syntheses of cementite (Fe3C) and pyrite (FeS2) have been performed by mechanical activation of a mixture of graphite or sulfur with amorphous or crystalline silica in a planetary ball mill AGO-2 with steel fittings. XRD analysis was used to record products and changes of systems components after mechanical activation of the studied systems. The formation of nanocomposites based on cementite (or pyrite) has been recorded and the quantitative characteristics of abrasive-reactive wear of steel milling tools have been evaluated.

It has been demonstrated the possibility of steel material reaction of milling tools for direct mechanochemical preparation of composite based on cementite using abrasive properties of silica modifications. It has obtained nanocomposites based on pyrite and glass matrix during mechanical activation of quartz glass and sulfur in a time of 1-2 orders of magnitude lower than traditional mechanical alloying powders of iron and sulfur. It can be noted that any scrap metal and ceramic products can be used as milling tools. This significantly enhances the ability of the proposed method of abrasive-reactive nanowear of milling tools materials of mechanochemical reactors and processed materials.


1  Lindsay S (2010) Introduction to Nanoscience. Oxford University Press, United Kingdom. ISBN 978-019-954420-2

2  Urakaev FKh, Ketegenov TA, Petrushin EI, Savintsev YuP, Tyumentseva OA, Chupakhin AP, Shevchenko VS, Yusupov TS, Boldyrev VV (2003) J Mining Sci 39:303-314.

3  Kurdyumov AV, Malogolovets VG, Novikov NV, Pilyankevich AN, Shul’man LA (1994) Polymorphs of carbon and boron nitride [Polimofnyye modifikatsii ugleroda i nitrida bora]. Metallurgy, Moscow, Russia. ISBN 5-229-00872-5

4  Marsh H, Rodríguez-Reinoso F (2006) Activated Carbon. Elsevier, London, United Kingdom. ISBN 978-0-08-044463-5

5  Urakaev FKh (2013) Comb Sci Techn 185:1281-1294.

6  Yelsukov EP, Dorofeev GA (2004) J Mater Sci 39:5071-5079.

7  Umemoto M, Liu ZG, Liu DY, Takaoka H, Tsuchiya K (2001) Mater Sci Forum 386-388:199-204.

8  Urakaev FKh, Ketegenov TA, Tyumentseva OA, Boldyrev VV (2004) Russian J Phys Chem 78:710-715.

9  Rzhevskaya SV (2003) Materials Science [Materialovedeniye]. Publ House Moscow State Mining University, Moscow, Russia. ISBN 5-7418-0068-8. (In Russian)

10 Hillert M (2007) Phase Equilibria, Phase Diagrams and Phase Transformations. Cambridge University Press, United Kingdom.

11 Urakaev FKh, Shevchenko VS (2007) Kona 25:162-179.

12 Vasil’ev LS, Lomaeva SF (2003) Colloid J 65:639-647.

13 Butyagin PYu (2003) Colloid J 65:648-651.

14 Urakaev FKh, Boldyrev VV (2000) Powder Techn 107:93-107.

15 Urakaev FKh, Boldyrev VV (2000) Powder Techn 107:197-206.

16 Bowden FP, Persson PA (1961) Proc Roy Soc Lond A 260:433-458.

17 Urakaev FKh (2010) High-Energy Ball Milling. Ed by Sopicka-Lizer M, Woodhead Publ Ltd, Oxford, Ch. 2:9-44.

18 Jiang JZ, Larsen RK, Lin R, Mørup S, Chorkendorff I, Nielsen K, Hansen K, West K (1998) J Solid State Chem 138:114-125.

19 Urakaev FKh (2005) Mendeleev Communications 15:106-111.

20 Suryanarayana C (2001) Progr Mater Sci 46:1-184.

21 Kulebakin VG, Terekhova VI, Molchanov VI, Zhizhayev AM (1999) Activation of the Liberation of Mineral Raw Materials [Aktivatsiya vskrytiya mineral'nogo syr'ya]. Nauka, Novosibirsk, Russia. ISBN 5-02-031365-3. (In Russian)

How to Cite
Urakaev, F., Ketegenov, T., Uralbekov, B., & Burkitbayev, M. (2015). Kinetics of abrasive-reactive nanocomposite powder synthesis in the SiO2 − C/S system. Chemical Bulletin of Kazakh National University, (1), 52-63.
Inorganic Chemistry