Influence of conditions of electrodeposition of nickel on the physico-chemical and corrosion properties of the coatings

  • Oleg Kholkin Al-Farabi Kazakh National University
  • Andrey Kurbatov Al-Farabi Kazakh National University
  • Alexandr Sokolov
Keywords: Nickel, electrodeposition, electrochemical coatings, electrolysis

Abstract

Galvanic coating of steel products is one of the main methods of corrosion protection, and nickel is one of the most common metals used in the process. Nickel-based electrochemical coatings are widely used as corrosion-resistant and protective coatings.

This study focuses on the investigation of formation of nickel-based galvanic coatings under various conditions: at different temperatures, current densities, and using various mixing methods. The coatings were produced by the process of galvanostatic deposition using Watts nickel electrolyte. The effects of the conditions of electrodeposition process on the characteristics and the corrosion resistivity of the resulting coatings were studied. By using optical microscopy, a relation between the electrolysis conditions and the surface morphology or the size of the growing nickel crystals was discovered. It was established that increase of current density increases the microhardness of the coatings, due to the formation of coarse-grained nickel deposits. Highest corrosion resistivity is achieved by creating finely-grained nickel coatings, which are formed under low current density, low temperature and with mechanical mixing.

The optimal conditions for producing high quality nickel coatings were established as follows: current density of 25 mA/cm2, temperature 20 oC, and using mechanical stirring. The nickel coatings, deposited under these conditions, have a high quality and the process of electrodeposition of nickel characterized by a high current efficiency.

Author Biographies

Oleg Kholkin, Al-Farabi Kazakh National University
Faculty of Chemistry and Chemical technology, Chair of analytical, colloid chemistry and technology of rare elements, Ph.D - student
Andrey Kurbatov, Al-Farabi Kazakh National University
Faculty of Chemistry and Chemical technology, Chair of analytical, colloid chemistry and technology of rare elements, professor
Alexandr Sokolov
Faculty of Chemistry and Chemical technology, Chair of analytical, colloid chemistry and technology of rare elements, Ph.D

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Published
2014-10-31
How to Cite
Kholkin, O., Kurbatov, A., & Sokolov, A. (2014). Influence of conditions of electrodeposition of nickel on the physico-chemical and corrosion properties of the coatings. Chemical Bulletin of Kazakh National University, 75(3), 33-42. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.15328/chemb_2014_333-42
Section
Physical Chemistry and Electrochemistry