Study of the effect of an electric field and catalysts on hydrophobic properties of soot formed in propane – air flame

  • Meruyert Nazhipkyzy al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Department Chemical Physics and Material Science, Institute of Combustion Problems
  • Sabina Otarova L.N. Gumilyov Eurasian National University
  • Bakhytzhan Lesbayev al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Department Chemical Physics and Material Science, Institute of Combustion Problems
  • Nikolay Prikhodko Institute of Combustion Problems
  • Aizhan Zhaparova al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Department Chemical Physics and Material Science
  • Zulkhair Mansurov al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Department Chemical Physics and Material Science, Institute of Combustion Problems
Keywords: soot, flame, electric field, catalyst, hydrophobicity

Abstract

The paper represents the results of the study of external influences on the hydrophobic properties of soot forming in propane - air flame. It was established that and electric field and catalysts positively affect hydrophobic properties of the obtained soot. It was determined that application of an electric field and a catalyst on the flame led to the formation of a soot having superhydrophobic properties, i.e. wetting angle was 152-153°. The positive influence of an electric field and catalysts on hydrophobic properties of obtained soot can be explained by the presence of nanosferical structures and their close proximity from each other. To establish a structure of the obtained sample, it was studied by physical chemical methods (Raman spectroscopy, electron microscopy). 

Author Biographies

Meruyert Nazhipkyzy, al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Department Chemical Physics and Material Science, Institute of Combustion Problems
Candidate of chemical sciences, Acting Associate professor in the Chair Chemical Physics and Material Science, junior researcher in Institute of Combustion Problems
Sabina Otarova, L.N. Gumilyov Eurasian National University
2 year master student
Bakhytzhan Lesbayev, al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Department Chemical Physics and Material Science, Institute of Combustion Problems

Candidate of chemical sciences, Acting Associate professor in the Chair Chemical Physics and Material Science, leading researcher in Institute of Combustion Problems.

Nikolay Prikhodko, Institute of Combustion Problems
Head of Laboratory,  leading
researcher in Institute of Combustion Problems
Aizhan Zhaparova, al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Department Chemical Physics and Material Science
1 year student
Zulkhair Mansurov, al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Department Chemical Physics and Material Science, Institute of Combustion Problems
General Director in Institute of Combustion Problems, professor in Institute of Combustion Problems

References

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2 Levesque A, Binh VT, Semet V, Guillot D, Fillit RY, Brookes MD, Nguyen TP (2004) Thin Solid Films 464-465:308-314. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tsf.2004.06.012


3 Sen S, Puri IK (2004) Nanotechnology 15:264-268. http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0957-4484/15/3/005


4 Nazhipkyzy M, Lesbayev B, Mansurov Z, Arapova A, Baidaulova D, Solovyova M, Prikhodko NG (2012) Adv Mat Res 535-537:1437-1440. http://dx.doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.535-537.1437

Published
2014-12-30
How to Cite
Nazhipkyzy, M., Otarova, S., Lesbayev, B., Prikhodko, N., Zhaparova, A., & Mansurov, Z. (2014). Study of the effect of an electric field and catalysts on hydrophobic properties of soot formed in propane – air flame. Chemical Bulletin of Kazakh National University, (4), 29-35. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.15328/chemb_2014_429-35
Section
Other Papers