Thermocatalytical processing of coal and shales

  • Zhaksyntay Kairbekov al-Farabi Kazakh National University
  • Valentina Yemelyanova BSE Scientific Research Institute of New Chemical Technologies and Materials of the RSE Kazakh National University named after al-Farabi, Almaty
  • Bedelzhan Baizhomartov BSE Scientific Research Institute of New Chemical Technologies and Materials of the RSE Kazakh National University named after al-Farabi, Almaty
Keywords: shale, coal, catalyst, thermocatalytical processing, destruction, liquid products

Abstract

The article investigates the questions of thermocatalytical conversion of organic mass of coal (OMC), it is shown that in the absence of a catalyst process is carried out by a radical process. Accumulated data on the properties for radicals of different structure and therefore different reaction capacity enables us to understand and interpret the conversion of OMC. Thermal conversion of OMC regarded as a kind of depolymerization, accompanied by decomposition of the functional groups with the formation of radicals, competing for hydrogen atom. Catalyst can change the direction and conditions of the process. Modern catalysts can reduce the process pressure up to 50 atm., with a high degree of coal conversion. We consider examples of simultaneous conversion of coal and shale, shale and masut, shale and tar.

Author Biography

Zhaksyntay Kairbekov, al-Farabi Kazakh National University

BSE Scientific Research Institute of New Chemical Technologies and Materials of the RSE Kazakh National University named after al-Farabi, Almaty

 

References

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Published
2012-12-04
How to Cite
Kairbekov, Z., Yemelyanova, V., & Baizhomartov, B. (2012). Thermocatalytical processing of coal and shales. Chemical Bulletin of Kazakh National University, (4), 126-133. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.15328/chemb_2012_4126-133
Section
Other Papers