Cracking of the paraffins on catalysts from natural zeolite of Kazakhstan Shankanay field
Cracking of paraffins was held to obtain long chain α-olefins using the catalysts from natural zeolite of Shankanay field modified with 1N HCl at the temperature range of 500-570°С and atmospheric pressure on a fixed layer. Liquid and gaseous reaction products were analyzed by gas chromatography; regeneration of the catalyst was carried out with a steam-air mixture until total absence of CO2 in the contact gases. To evaluate the structure and texture of the obtained catalysts, the methods of Mössbauer spectroscopy, X-Ray diffractometry analysis, and elemental analysis using scanning electron microscopy were used. As results, zeolite modification allowed doubling the activity of the catalysts and increasing the selectivity by 23.8-44.8%. The group compositions of olefins, alkanes and gaseous products were detected. Iron form under α-Fe2O3, ε-FeOOH and γ-FeOOH was present. The modified and blank form of catalysts under 1N hydrochloric acid solution washing phase content was detected; partial destruction of the crystalline carcass of clinoptilolite was observed.
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