Variation of water and ion flows of Ulken Almaty and Kishi Almaty rivers during their annual cycles

  • Sof'ya Maksimovna Romanova al-Farabi Kazakh National University
  • Gulsara Zhakashovna Akanova al-Farabi Kazakh National University
  • Oksana Ivanovna Ponomarenko al-Farabi Kazakh National University

Abstract

The article presents data on water and ion flow of mineral solutes of Ulken Almaty and Kishi Almaty rivers, which are the rivers of the North slope of Ile Alatau mountains, in the annual cycle (2015). The obtained data were compared to the historic data. The total ion flow of Ulken Almaty river in the upper stream was 6285.7 tons, and downstream – 8419.4 tons, i.e., the river rises by 1.3 times. Ion flow of Kishi Almaty in the upper stream was 7044.6 tons, and the downstream – 23,931.5 tons (average) – 2393.1 tons, i.e., the river rises by 3.4 times. The downstream of rivers take away more carbonates of calcium and magnesium than the upper stream: Ulken Almaty - by 190.7 tons, Kishi Almaty – by 642.8 tons. The variability of the main flow of ions of Ulken Almaty and Kishi Almaty rivers is caused by anthropogenic receipt of additional substances as a result of their direct discharge from catchment basin, irrigation, atmospheric transport or diffusive pollution.

Author Biographies

Sof'ya Maksimovna Romanova, al-Farabi Kazakh National University
Department of General and Inorganic Chemistry, Professor
Gulsara Zhakashovna Akanova, al-Farabi Kazakh National University
Department of General and Inorganic Chemistry
Oksana Ivanovna Ponomarenko, al-Farabi Kazakh National University
Department of General and Inorganic Chemistry, Assistant Professor

References

1 Alekin OA, Brazhnikova LV (1964) Flow of solutes from the territory of the USSR [Stok rastvorennykh veshchestv s territorii SSSR]. Nauka, Moscow, USSR. P.215. (In Russian)

2 Brazhnikova LV (1961) Ion flow of rivers of USSR [Ionnyy stok rek SSSR]. Dissertation for Candidate of Geographic Sciences. Irkutsk, USSR. P.250. (In Russian)

3 Ibragimova MA (1969) Physico-chemical characteristics of water Balkhash lake basin [Fiziko-khimicheskaya kharakteristika vody rek basseyna oz.Balkhash]. Dissertation for Candidate of Chemistry Sciences. Alma-Ata, USSR. P.245. (In Russian)

4 Nevskaya AI (1956) Bulletin of AS of KazSSR [Vestnik AN KazSSR] 9:43-52. (In Russian)

5 Romanova SM, Kunshygar DZ, Akanova GZ (2015) Search [Poisk] 2:141. (In Russian)

6 Semenov AD (1977) Guidelines for chemical analysis of surface waters [Rukovodstvo po khimicheskomu analizu poverkhnostnykh vod sushi]. Hydrometeoizdat, Leningrad, USSR. P.541. (In Russian)

7 Nikanorov AM (1989) Hydrochemistry [Gidrokhimiya]. Hydrometeoizdat, Leningrad, USSR. P.351. (In Russian)

8 Alekin OA, Brazhnikova LV (1963) Hydrochemical materials [Gidrokhimicheskie materialy] 35:149. (In Russian)

9 Bykov VD, Vasilev AV (1974) Hydrometry [Gidrometriya]. Hydrometeoizdat, Leningrad, USSR. P.447. (In Russian)

 

Published
2016-07-01
How to Cite
ROMANOVA, Sof'ya Maksimovna; AKANOVA, Gulsara Zhakashovna; PONOMARENKO, Oksana Ivanovna. Variation of water and ion flows of Ulken Almaty and Kishi Almaty rivers during their annual cycles. Chemical Bulletin of Kazakh National University, [S.l.], n. 2, p. 20-25, july 2016. ISSN 2312-7554. Available at: <http://bulletin.chemistry.kz/index.php/kaznu/article/view/718>. Date accessed: 20 aug. 2017. doi: https://doi.org/10.15328/cb718.
Section
Inorganic Chemistry

Keywords

water flow; ion flow; water consumption; removal of carbonate salts; dissolved minerals