Patterns of non-traditional thermodynamic functions ΔrG0/n and ΔfG0(averaged) changes for cobalt minerals
This article considers general principle of predicting the difference in the reactivity of minerals and solvents in the conditions of their interaction at the interface between solid and liquid for cobalt minerals in the processing of mineral raw materials. The ideas of new properties of chemical affinity which allowed to carry out the forecast of a choice of efficiency of action of the dissolving reagent for opening of hardly soluble minerals of cobalt and the forecast of consecutive passing of the competing reaction proceeding on solid-liquid boundary at processing of mineral raw materials by a hydrochemical method at the level of an electron are stated. Previously unknown pattern of change the effectiveness of the solvent of the reagents and the sequence of passing a competing reaction was established, namely, that the effectiveness of the solvent of the reagent and the sequence of passing the subsequent reaction naturally varies with the calculated values given new chemical affinity (DrG0/n). It is practically proposed to use the average atomic energy of the formation of solids ΔfG0(averaged) and calculated value of the new chemical affinity DrG0/n to create scientific basis for the opening of cobalt minerals contained in the mineral raw materials with the least time.
2 Ospanov KK, Zhusupova AK, Kelimbetov T, Makhambetova AB, Aisariyeva GB (2016) Chemical Bulletin of Kazakh National University 1:40-48. (In Russian). Crossref
3 Ospanov KK (2004) Diploma No 238 on the discovery "Regularity of changes in the rate of dissolution of poorly soluble minerals in complexing solutions and oxidizing media" [Zakonomernost' izmeneniya skorosti rastvoreniya trudnorastvorimyh mineralov v kompleksoobrazuyushchih rastvorah i okislitel'nyh sredah], silver medal. Collection of brief descriptions of scientific discoveries, scientific hypotheses "Scientific discoveries" 2:34-37. (In Russian)
4 Ospanov KK (2009) Diploma No 373 on the discovery "Regularity of changes of the efficiency of solvent reagents and sequence of competing reactions occurring at the interface solid and liquid" [Zakonomernost' izmenenij ehffektivnosti dejstviya rastvoryayushchih reagentov i posledovatel'nosti prohozhdeniya konkuriruyushchih reakcij, protekayushchih na granice razdela tverdoe telo-zhidkost'], gold medal. Collection of brief descriptions of scientific discoveries, scientific hypotheses "Scientific discoveries" 2:33-40. (In Russian)
5 Ospanov KK (2012) General principles of prediction of differences in reactivity of minerals and solvents in the conditions of processing of mineral raw materials (on the basis of the materials of three international discoveries) [Obshchie principy prognozirovaniya razlichiya reakcionnoj sposobnosti mineralov i «rastvoritelej» v usloviyah pererabotki mineral'nogo syr'ya (po materialam trekh mezhdunarodnyh nauchnyh otkrytij)]. BTS paper, Almaty, Kazakhstan. 368 p. (In Russian). ISBN 978-601-247-237-0
6 Ospanov KK (1993) Physico-chemical bases of selective dissolution of minerals [Fiziko-himicheskie osnovy izbiratel'nogo rastvoreniya mineralov]. Nedra, Moscow, Russia. (In Russian). ISBN 5-247-03046-X
7 Ospanov KK (2011) Chemical Bulletin of Kazakh National University 1:246-255. (In Russian) Crossref
8 Ospanov KK (2004) Theory of control of physical and chemical processes at the interface of solid and liquid phases and prospects of its use [Teoriya upravleniya fiziko-himicheskih processov na granice razdela faz tverdoe telo-zhidkost' i perspektivy ee ispol'zovaniya]. Kompleks, Almaty, Kazakhstan. (In Russian)
9 Letnikov FA (1965) Isobaric potentials of mineral formation (chemical affinity) and their application in Geochemistry [Izobarnye potencialy obrazovaniya mineralov (himicheskoe srodstvo) i primenenie ih v geohimii]. Nedra, Moscow, Russia. (In Russian)
10 Naumov GB, Ryzhenko BN, Khodakovsky IL (1971) Handbook of thermodynamic quantities. For geologists [Spravochnik termodinamicheskih velichin. Dlya geologov]. Atomizdat, Moscow, Russia. (In Russian)
11 Ospanov KK (2004) Theory of controlling a physical-chemical process at the solid-liquid interface. Flint River, London, UK. ISBN 1-871489-24-5
12 Ospanov KK (2015) General principles of prediction of differences in reactivity of minerals and solvents in the
conditions of processing of mineral raw materials (on the basis of the materials of four international discoveries). Kazakh University, Almaty, Kazakhstan. ISBN 978-601-04-1368-9
13 Ospanov KhK (2010) Chemical Bulletin of Kazakh National University 2:138-145. (In Russian)
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.