Comparative analysis of the mineral and acid composition of Verbascum thapsus and Verbascum marschallianum

  • Manshuk Muratovna Nykmukanova al-Farabi Kazakh National University http://orcid.org/0000-0003-4074-5499
  • Assemgul Serikkyzy Turalyeva al-Farabi Kazakh National University
  • Balakyz Kymizgalievna Yeskaliyeva al-Farabi Kazakh National University
  • Gaukhar Shahmanovna Burasheva al-Farabi Kazakh National University

Abstract

Results of the study of the chemical composition of aerial parts of two plant species - Verbascum thapsus and Verbascum marschallianum of the Scrophulariaceae family collected during the fruiting period in the Altai region of Kazakhstan are presented in the article. The quantitative and qualitative composition of biologically active substances was determined.  Samples of Verbascum thapsus, contain 0.63% alkaloids, 0.43% saponins, 0.15% organic acids, 2.30% tannins, 1.07% flavonoids, 0.43% coumarins and 1.62% iridoids. Samples of Verbascum marschallianum contain 0.69% alkaloids, 0.50% saponins, 0.65% organic acids, 1.02% tannins, 1.45% flavonoids, 0.96% coumarins, 2.29% iridoids. The variety of biologically active compounds present in the studied plant species results in a wide range of biological activity. A comparative analysis of the mineral, amino and fatty acid composition of plants Verbascum thapsus and Verbascum marschallianum was carried out. The total content of free amino acids was 83.86-85.84%. Analysis of the mineral composition showed the presence of 11 mineral elements: K, Na, Mg, Ca, Cu, Zn, Cd, Pb, Fe, Ni, Mn, which allows us to recommend the studied plants as a raw material rich in macro- and microelements.

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Published
2017-03-31
How to Cite
NYKMUKANOVA, Manshuk Muratovna et al. Comparative analysis of the mineral and acid composition of Verbascum thapsus and Verbascum marschallianum. Chemical Bulletin of Kazakh National University, [S.l.], n. 1, p. 26-32, mar. 2017. ISSN 2312-7554. Available at: <http://bulletin.chemistry.kz/index.php/kaznu/article/view/788>. Date accessed: 24 june 2017. doi: https://doi.org/10.15328/cb788.
Section
Organic Chemistry

Keywords

Verbascum; biologically active substances; mineral composition; amino- and fatty acid composition.